Informit article: Smoke signals, North Korea

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Just over a year and a half ago the ‘North Korea problem’ was on the brink of resolution. The Beijing parties had agreed that in return for North Korea disabling its facilities, readmitting international inspectors and declaring its nuclear facilities (for eventual demolition), partner countries would supply energy aid, relax sanctions and move towards full ‘normalisation’. Shortly afterwards, the New York Philharmonic performed to delighted audiences in Pyongyang. North Korea did what was required of it, disabling its main nuclear facilities and presenting its list of those to be dismantled (with 18,000 pages of documentation), while for its part the United States removed North Korea from the list of terror-supporting states and some energy aid was provided. What went wrong?

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