Assange Behind Bars, by Felicity Ruby

I have only ever known Julian Assange in detention. For nine years now, I have visited him in England bearing Australian news and solidarity. To Ellingham Hall I brought music and chocolate, to the Ecuadorian embassy I brought flannel shirts, Rake, Wizz Fizz and eucalyptus leaves, but to Belmarsh prison you can bring nothing—not a gift, not a book, not a piece of paper. Then I returned to Australia, a country so far away that has abandoned him in almost every respect.

Over the years I have learned to not ask, ‘How are you?’, because it’s bloody obvious how he is: detained, smeared, maligned, unfree, stuck—in ever-narrower, colder, darker and damper tunnels—pursued and punished for publishing. Over the years I’ve learned to not complain of the rain or remark on what a beautiful day it is, because he’s been inside for so long that a blizzard would be a blessing. I’ve also learned that it is not comforting but cruel to speak of sunsets, kookaburras, road trips; it’s not helpful to assure him that, like me and my dog, he will find animal tracks in the bush when he comes home, even though I think it almost every day.

It is the prolonged and intensifying nature of his confinement that hits me as I wait in the first line outside the front door of the brown-brick jail. At the visitor centre opposite I’ve been fingerprinted after showing two forms of proof of address and my passport. Sure to remove absolutely everything from my pockets, I’ve locked my bags, keeping only £20 to spend on chocolate and sandwiches. Despite the security theatre that follows, the money gets nicked at some point through no fewer than four passageways that are sealed from behind before the next door opens, a metal detector, being patted down and having my mouth and ears inspected. After putting our shoes back on, we visitors cross an outdoor area and are faced with the reality of the cage: grey steel-mesh fencing with razor wire that is about 4 metres high all around. I hurry into the next building before going into a room where thirty small tables are fixed to the floor, with one blue plastic chair facing three green plastic chairs at each.

He sits on one of the blue plastic chairs.

I hesitate now, as I always do, to describe him. That, too, I’ve learned: it’s a protective impulse against the morbid fascination of some supporters, and against others who delight in his suffering. His health was already deteriorating severely when he left the embassy. He confirms that he is still on the health ward, though he hasn’t seen specialists, which is obviously necessary after what he’s been through. He explains that he is transported in and out of his cell, where he is kept for twenty-two hours a day under so-called ‘controlled moves’, meaning the prison is locked down and hallways are cleared. He describes the exercise yard. It has writing on the wall that says, ‘Enjoy the blades of grass under your feet’, but there is no grass, only concrete. There’s nothing green, just layers of wire mesh above his head, and concrete all around.

After such extreme isolation and deprivation of human company, of course he is happy to see friends. He cracks hardy, meeting me halfway, grinning at my jokes, patient with my awkwardness, nodding and encouraging me to remember half-memorised messages. I jump up to get supplies so that he can catch up with another friend. It is then that I realise I don’t have any money, so I go back for theirs. As I return to the line a woman in a hijab says, ‘He doesn’t belong in here. He shouldn’t be here. We know about things because of him. He has a lot of supporters in the Muslim community’. This sense and solidarity help to calm me down after the ordeal of entering this cold place; even here there is warmth, friendship, kindness. I’m so grateful to that woman and return with a tray of junk food to report what she’d just said, which shows once again that a lot of people can see through the intensive media manipulation Julian has been subjected to, and they have a sense of humanity, common sense, empathy and compassion that cut through.

Julian gets two social visits a month; the last one was three and a half weeks earlier, so we speak quickly, exchanging as many words, messages and ideas as we can. There have never been silences between us and, fuelled by coffee alone until the wee hours, we have often spoken at the same time, answering while the other talks, but the noise in the room is too loud for that. He often needs to close his eyes to marshal his train of thought, and then we are off again, so very conscious of slow jail time speeding up during visits, which are very loud—another thirty prisoners are seeing their friends and family, toddlers are trying to be heard, and presumably microphones and cameras are straining to hear what is being said as much as I am.

The UN expert on torture who also visited him at Belmarsh said that Julian exhibits the effects of prolonged psychological torture. He has been tortured by indefinite detention, and the prospect of extradition to the US for a show trial, where he would face 175 years in jail—an effective death sentence—is without doubt a form of torture. Still, I’m struck over and over again by the times he takes the conversation away from him and into principles and the broader implications of his case: ‘This isn’t just about me, Flick; this is about so many people, every journalist in the UK. If I can be grabbed, just another Australian working in London, any journalist or publisher can be grabbed for simply doing their jobs’.

A few weeks earlier, at a Greens event in Sydney, I lost my temper on a panel with someone who had similarly said, ‘This isn’t about Julian; this is about journalism’. I spat back, ‘Well, when is it going to be about Julian, too? When he’s dead? When they’ve killed him? When do you reckon it can be about an Australian publisher who’s in a UK cage being punished by the US for publishing the truth about wars in Iraq and Afghanistan?’

It’s difficult to imagine, even for nine minutes, the choices made over the last nine years—the snap decisions, bookshop visits, bus trips, gardens dug, gifts wrapped—but almost all of them he can’t relate to except as a distant memory. This radically changes normal conversation with Julian. Nothing is normal; every step of the legal and political process over the last nine years has been anomalous, and the context and pretext too have been manipulated by any number of strategies, some of which have been leaked, to infect and affect the perception of him, his work and his supporters. This radically changes normal conversation about him, even with some of my most thoughtful friends.

I hug farewell a much thinner man than the one I formerly knew, and a different person disappears into the hallway when the visit is over, although both of our left fists are raised, as usual.

On our way home from the visit, a call came through to advise that a technical hearing had been unexpectedly brought forward to the following day. At this ‘technical hearing’ the district judge pre-emptively ruled out bail. But it wasn’t a bail hearing, and Julian’s lawyers had not even had a chance to apply for bail, but the judge ruled it out without hearing any arguments or facts. When the judge asked if he understood, Julian said, ‘Not really. I’m sure the lawyers will explain it’.  He didn’t understand because this was incomprehensibly irregular, again, but also because he has no access to court documents and legal files in order to help prepare his case.

On Monday 23 September Julian completed his sentence for breaching bail and will be held by the United Kingdom only so that the United States can try to extradite him. That is to say, he will have served his prison sentence for committing the crime of applying for, and receiving, political asylum. Ecuador granted asylum because it was obvious that the United States planned to prosecute him for publishing. Among many other things, he is being prosecuted for publishing the real numbers of civilians who have been killed in Iraq and Afghanistan—thousands of people who were the victims of bombings, maiming and torture. He has also published information about journalists killed by Western forces, including José Couso, the Spanish journalist killed in Iraq by US troops (the Spanish were then pressured by the United States not to argue for an investigation). That’s why they want to lock Julian away: to set an example, and so that they can do it again in the future without being held accountable.

So Julian was right all along. He sought asylum from the very scenario he now faces: extradition to a US show trial and an effective death sentence for publishing information in the public interest. The charges’ extreme nature have muted the vitriolic hatred reserved for Julian, though not the pop-psychology pronouncements on his personality (a personality I happen to enjoy and love, as does Noam Chomsky, Daniel Ellsberg, Slavoj Žižek, Patti Smith, P. J. Harvey, Scott Ludlam, Ken Loach and many other diverse thinkers and activists.) Now, the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal, and the Guardian make disparaging remarks about Julian’s personality before expressing grave concern about the charges he faces, because indeed, as UK Special Envoy on Media Freedom Amal Clooney stated at the June Global Conference for Media Freedom, they  ‘criminalise common practices in journalism’.

So, finally, publishers and journalists around the world understand that their fate is entwined with Julian’s, who has no hope of a fair trial in the United States. He is charged under the Espionage Act, the first ever use against a publisher, where no public-interest defence is allowed. This is why the UK judge and home secretary should not extradite Julian Assange to the United States. Voices are becoming louder as the realisation dawns that if this extradition goes ahead, any national-security or investigative journalist in the United Kingdom or anywhere in the world can be grabbed, setting a terrible precedent for all journalists and publishers.

In the United States, Trump’s Department of Justice is attempting to coerce Chelsea Manning and Jeremy Hammond into testifying against Julian in a secret grand jury process where there is no judge—an institution that has been abolished in every other country besides Liberia. While they, too, are in prison indefinitely, Manning and Hammond are resisting. Where will this stop? It needs to stop with Julian walking out of Belmarsh, and then out of Sydney Airport, so that his eyes, damaged by so many years of being inside, might finally adjust to find wombat and wallaby trails here at home. Until then, we have to keep fighting his extradition, calling on the United Kingdom to resist, and for the Australian government to bring this citizen and publisher home.


The charges

Julian Assange faces 18 charges

1. Conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act: 10 years

2. Violating the Espionage Act by Manning’s obtaining Guantanamo Bay Naval Base (GITMO) Files: 10 years

3. Violating the Espionage Act by Manning’s obtaining Cablegate: 10 years

4. Violating the Espionage Act by Manning’s obtaining Iraq War Logs: 10 years

5. Attempting to receive and obtain classified information: 10 years

6. Unlawfully obtaining and receiving GITMO Files: 10 years

7. Unlawfully obtaining and receiving Cablegate: 10 years

8. Unlawfully obtaining and receiving Iraq War Logs: 10 years

9. Causing unlawful disclosure by Manning of GITMO Files: 10 years

10. Causing unlawful disclosure by Manning of Cablegate: 10 years

11. Causing unlawful disclosure by Manning of Iraq War Logs: 10 years

12. Causing Manning to communicate, deliver and transmit GITMO Files: 10 years

13. Causing Manning to communicate, deliver and transmit Cablegate: 10 years

14. Causing Manning to communicate, deliver and transmit Iraq War Logs: 10 years

15. ‘Pure publication’ of Afghan War Diaries: 10 years

16. ‘Pure publication’ of Iraq War Logs: 10 years

17. ‘Pure publication’ of Cablegate: 10 years

18. Conspiracy to violate the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFFA): 5 years 

A Portuguese translation of this piece can be accessed here
A German translation of this piece can be accessed here
A French translation of this piece can be accessed here

About the author

Felicity Ruby

Felicity Ruby is a PhD candidate at Sydney University and co-editor of a A Secret Australia Revealed by the WikiLeaks Exposés (2020).

More articles by Felicity Ruby

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yes we need to stay positive and become one very loud voice that demands this gross miscarriage of justice comes to an end. I just hope it is soon

Thank you for this personal but respectful writing. Please Australia, bring your son home to heal.

As someone born in this country from a generation that fought fascism, I feel the deepest shame about this country’s treatment of Julian. I am so very sorry.

Thank you for updating his supporters. We are fighting to free him, all whistleblowers, journalists and political prisoners.

Thank you for your dedication to telling Julian Assange’s story accurately. Our family supports all efforts to free Julian Assange. He is a hero. Transparency in government is necessary.
Jacksonville Beach, FL.

I absolutely agree with you! The way Julian Assange has been and still is being treated, is absolutely reprehensible. Telling the truth should NEVER be considered a crime!

Thank you for your dedicated support of Julian, my heart breaks for the treatment that this man has been put through.
Julian will live forever no matter what and we will all learn if we haven’t already that we are living in a communist time.
God Bless him🙏

We live in a communist time? You got it all wrong lady….this is not a communist state…..this is the so called democratic establishment…these are western values….. Assange is where he is because the “leader of the free world” (sic) Trump wants him to be there and suffer indefinitely so that nobody else ever dares reveal their dirty secrets, their human rights abuses, their crimes against humanity..

It’s not President Trump. It’s the U.S. Department of Justice. Once they have an indictment, and arrest warrant (and in this case, an extradition agreement with the U.K.) they execute it no matter the President, and Julian’s investigation started in 2010.

It is Trump; please don’t spread misinformation. Trump can put a stop to this today, if he wanted! Just as the Obama White House paused the prosecution, not because of concern for Julian, due to its implication for the New York Times and Washington Post because they also published the WikiLeaks documents. Trump is not trustworthy. He has intervened to pardon criminals who were prosecuted by the Feds.

L’injustice et l’illegalite notoires de la situation de julian assange doivent être insupportables à tous les citoyens car elles nous concernent tous. Il s’agit de la liberté de la parole vraie cruellement harcelée et bafouée. L’omerta journalistique sur assange en dit long sur son importance ! le lâchons pas !! Freedom for julian assange ! FREEDOM for telling thé truth !!

I think Julian is a hero.
I cannot understand why he’s not supported by all his journalist colleagues.
And as to the pathetically weak Australian government I am ashamed to admit to being Australian.
John Clark

A good man like Julian Assange should be set free now. He has endured already more than he should have had. So many criminals get away with murder, while good men get tortured and killed or prisoned for life..That is such a shame how evil this world has been and so unfair. Please let Julian free….Mr Trump who is suppose to have a ”fair” heart should set him free with no more torturing …

Epitome of “Constitutional Backbone.” This 1 Man exhibited on behalf of We the People. A far Cry from Insolent Tyrannical Jurisdiction Inversion= Derision. He has reinstated, Gold Standard Truth. ..Grateful

It is with no doubt that I express love and care for him, his self dignity in the face of a complete human right violation. Your respect and care in informing us of his well being and while empathetic it’s just to hard to imagine the suffering. How more can we support. Are the letters getting to him?
Can we get more campaigns organized-signatures
To you thank you
Some of my most learning experiences as an activist have been with my Australian friends
I will hold him with love and give thanks for human beings like him
Glenda from South Africa previously from Switzerland

The world is now aware of the charges against Australia’s Truth Warrior they are all fake and or unimportant. I remember the tweets that the two Swedish girls tweeted back in 2016 when I was in London which showed that sex had been consensual and yet media carried on about that for years! Release Assange we want him here in Australia!!

I am as ashamed of the Australian Govt for their lack of recognition, for their absence of support and for failing to uphold the legal and ethical imperatives so obviously part of the imprisonment and torture of an absolute hero, Julian Assange.

The Brits are treating him like an animal. This is so inhumane. I love this country but ashamed of our Politicians nothing like he dosen’t exist. Well he does exist and Australia should be getting behind him have we got one just one pollie with some guts. Is it because they don’t want to rattle the yanks.
Bit by bit we are loosing our freedom every day. Stay strong Julian you are a hero.

Australians need to understand what is at stake here. Move out from our apathy and ask our government and opposition, why the silence?

Journalists everywhere should be shouting about this – First they came for Assange…! What is happening to him is not just or humane, and I am ashamed of my country’s part in this. Freedom for Julian!

Assange is in God’s hands he already comply with the mission he had, to bring out in the light the curruption of many people who God wanted to expose. Even though he does not know why all this is happening to him, there’s a plan in place by God. Like in the book of JONAH, God will get him out of fish’s belly.
JONAH 2:10

God is in control He only has the last word. 🙏🔯🔯

Shame on the governments of the UK , Sweden, Ecuardor, US, and Australia for the persecution of this innocent man. Free Julian Assange and Chelsea Manning. Freedom of the press.

Thanks for that update on Julian Assange. The burning question, for me, has to be as to how we ever got into such a situation, where a man could be made suffer, so much, for the crime of exposing truth?

Following on from that, where is the justification in Law for such inhumane and tortuous treatment?

Dear Felicity Ruby, a writing GOOD to read THANK you – I remember in a film Antonio Negri describes the grey cell outside + his senses collapsing – when he saw green again – vulnerabilities are so many + shows the governments structures building prisons – breaking asylum – targeting the free press + choosing Julian Assange because he gave us the information of the brutal war against civilians – children +other innocent people – in the name of ?? freedom + humanity?? USA + then this GB + no reaction from Australian government #FreeJulianAssange NOW

The Australian Government has a duty to look after Australian citizens. Assange was bringing the truth to the people who also have rights.

Much love to my brothers and sisters who support freedom and understand the courage and the sacrifices coming from Julian.

To Julian,
words cannot express

Julian is a hero. I can not understand why he’s not supported by journalists and why Australian government do nothing.

Thank you so much Flick for getting this story published, its incredible that this is about the only news I have been able to find about Julian for months now. Thanks so much Julian for sacrificing yourself for the good of the world. You got the truth out and we need to rise up in response for justice.

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